In previous posts, I have covered:

- Irish National Accounts 3Q: Sectoral Growth results
- Year-on-year growth rates in GDP and GNP in 3Q 2015
- Quarterly growth rates in GDP and GNP
- Domestic Demand and
- External trade side of the National Accounts

Now, as usual, let’s take a look at the

**evolution of 3 per-capita metrics and trace out the dynamics of the crisis**.

In 3Q 2015,

**Personal Expenditure per capita**for the last four quarters totalled EUR 19,343, which represents an increase of 2.78% on four quarters total through 3Q 2014. Relative to peak 4 quarters total (attained in 4Q 2007), current levels of Personal Expenditure on Goods & Services on a per capita is 7.14% below the peak levels. In other words,

**7 and 3/4 of the years down, Personal Expenditure on a per capita basis is yet to recover (in real terms) pre-crisis peak**.

**Per capita Final Domestic Demand**(combining Personal Expenditure, Government Expenditure and Fixed Capital Formation) based on the total for four quarters through 3Q 2015 stood at EUR 34,616, which represents an increase of 7.75% y/y. This level of per capita Demand is 11.19% lower than pre-crisis peak attained in 4Q 2007.

**As with Personal Expenditure per capita, Final Demand per capita is yet to complete crisis period recovery, 7 and 3/4 of the years down**.

On the other hand,

**GDP per capita**stood at EUR 42,870 on a cumulative 4 quarters basis, which is 6.2% above the same period for 2014 and is 0.98% above the pre-crisis peak (4Q 2007). Hence,

**GDP per capita has now fully recovered from the pre-crisis peak and it ‘only’ took it 7.5 years to do so**.

**GNP per capita**has recovered from the crisis back in 2Q 2015, so at of Q3 2015, 4-quarters aggregate GNP per capita stood at EUR 36,508 which is 5.85% ahead of the same period through Q3 2014 and is 2.39% above pre-crisis peak. In other words,

**it took 7 and 1/4 years for GNP per capita to regain its pre-crisis peak**.

It is also worth looking at the

**potential levels of output per capita ex-crisis**.

To do so, let’s take average growth rates for 4 quarters moving aggregate GDP. GNP and Domestic Demand, for the period 1Q 2002 through 4Q 2007. Note 1: this period represents slower rates of growth than years prior to 1Q 2002. Note 2: I further removed all growth rates observations within the period that were above 5 percentage points for GDP and GNP and above 4% for Final Demand, thus significantly reducing impact of a number of very high growth observations on resulting trend.

Here is the chart, also showing by how much (% terms) would GDP, GNP and Domestic Demand per capita have been were pre-crisis trends (moderated by my estimation) to persist from 4Q 2007:

I’ll let everyone draw their own conclusions as to the recovery attained.